Social development models (Catalano, Hawkins, & Miller, 1992) suggest that protective influences in one domain (e.g., mothers) can offset negative influences from other domains (e.g., peers) though this possibility has not been explored with respect to Latino college student drinking.
The present study aimed to determine whether four specific maternal influences (monitoring, positive communication, permissiveness, and modeling) and peer descriptive norms were associated with college drinking and consequences among Latino students, and also to determine whether maternal influences moderated the effect of peer norms on college drinking and consequences.
A sample of 362 first-year students (69.9% female) completed an online assessment regarding their mothers’ monitoring, positive communication, permissiveness, and modeling, peer descriptive norms, and drinking and related consequences.
The authors found that maternal permissiveness and peer descriptive norms were positively associated with drinking and consequences. Maternal communication was negatively associated with consequences.
Findings indicate that previously identified maternal and peer influences are also relevant for Latino students. Source: Maternal and peer influences on drinking among Latino college students. Varvil-Weld L, Turrisi R, Hospital MM, Mallett KA, Bámaca-Colbert MY. Addict Behav. 2013 Oct 9. pii: S0306-4603(13)00309-2. doi: 10.1016/ j.addbeh.2013.10.007.