Adolescent use of alcohol mixed with energy drinks (AmED) has recently received increased attention. Previous studies have established a strong link between AmED and drunkenness and suggest the importance of understanding associations with AmED use. This study categorised caffeine intake as daily consumption of coffee, tea, cola drinks, and energy drinks, and examined whether daily caffeine consumption relates to AmED use and drunkenness.
Data was taken from the 2013 Youth in Iceland cross-sectional survey among students aged 16- 17 years, who attended all of Iceland’s 31 junior colleges (N = 5,784; 75% response rate; 51% girls). Multilevel structural equation modeling (SEM) was performed.
Of the four daily caffeine consumption variables, coffee had the strongest relationship with AmED for both girls and boys, followed by energy drink consumption. The direct relationship between the daily caffeine consumption variables and drunkenness was generally weak for both genders, but the majority of the total relationship between all daily caffeine consumption variables and drunkenness was attributable to mediation through AmED. In the primary model, AmED consumption was also very strongly related to drunkenness.
The results suggest that caffeine use among adolescents ages 16-17 years is strongly related to increased consumption of AmED, irrespective of mode of caffeine consumption. AmED is strongly and positively associated with drunkenness on both individual and school levels.
Source: Mode of daily caffeine consumption among adolescents and the practice of mixing alcohol with energy drinks: relationships to drunkenness. Kristjansson AL; Mann MJ; Sigfusdottir ID; James JE, Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, Vol 76, No 3, 2015, pp397-405.