Substantial research suggests that parents have an important role in reducing young people’s risk for early initiation of alcohol and alcohol-related harms. A research team conducted a systematic review and meta-analyses of longitudinal studies examining the range of modifiable parenting factors that are associated with adolescent alcohol initiation and levels of later use/misuse.
A systematic literature search was conducted in PubMed, PsycINFO, and Embase. Parental behaviours were categorised into twelve parenting factors. Based on 131 studies, three risk factors (parental provision of alcohol, favourable parental attitudes towards alcohol, and parental drinking) and four protective factors (parental monitoring, parent-child relationship quality, parental support, and parental involvement) were identified as longitudinal predictors of both alcohol initiation and levels of later alcohol use/misuse. The mean effect sizes were mostly small (rs = -0.224 to 0.263).
Source: Modifiable parenting factors associated with adolescent alcohol misuse: a systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal studies. Yap MB; Cheong TW; Zaravinos Tsakos F; Lubman DI; Jorm AF Addiction. Published early online 8 February 2017.