This paper focuses on whether the on-going dramatic decrease in alcohol consumption in Italy, especially of wine, during 1961-2008, was associated with parallel sociodemographic and economic changes and with alcohol control policies. The study, using both time series (TS) and artificial neural network (ANN)-based analyses, documents that its selected sociodemographic and economic factors, and particularly urbanisation, had a definite connection with wine consumption decrease, spirits decrease, and the increase in beer consumption over time. Control policies showed no effect on the decline in alcohol consumption, since no alcohol control policy existed in Italy between 1960 and 1987. A few policies introduced since 1988 (BAC and sale restrictions during mass events) may have contributed to reducing or to maintaining the on-going reduction. Study limitations are noted and future needed research is suggested.
Source: Italy Between Drinking Culture and Control Policies for Alcoholic Beverages. Allamani A, Voller F, Pepe P, Baccini M, Massini G, Cipriani F. Subst Use Misuse. 2014 Aug 14.