Public Health England have released updated data for the Local Alcohol Profiles for England (LAPE) to provides a picture of alcohol-related hospital admissions, mortality and other data across English regions and localities. The LAPE profiles use a different methodology for alcohol-related mortality than the recent ONS release (p20) and are primarily designed to help local areas understand and respond to alcohol-related harms at a local level.
The LAPE profiles show that alcohol-specific mortality rates have fallen slightly and there is a small increase in the rate of alcohol-related deaths. There were 17,700 alcohol-specific deaths in England between 2013 and 2015.
The rate of alcohol-specific mortality is down 1% (to 11.5 deaths per 100,000 population) compared to the previous 3-year period, a second successive fall. This has been driven by a fall of 1.3% for males. The alcohol-related mortality rate for the most deprived 10% of the population was 56.2 per 100,000 population, which is significantly higher than that of the least deprived 10% of the population (35.2 per 100,000 population). The rate of mortality from chronic liver disease has increased by 2% compared to the previous 3-year time period (at 11.7 deaths per 100,000 population).
This is the first increase since the start of the LAPE series (2006-08) and has been driven by a rise of 2.8% for females and a rise of 1.5% for males. The inequalities gap is substantial for both males and females, with the rate in the most deprived areas up to double the rate in the least deprived.
New data measuring the potential years of life lost due to an alcohol-related cause shows 294,000 years of life lost before the age of 75 in 2015. The rate of years of life lost fell by 1.3% in the latest year. The rate for men (797.1 years lost per 100,000 population) is more than double the rate for women (311.3 years lost per 100,000 population). For men and women combined, 55,100 potential years of life were lost in the most deprived decile compared with 12,500 years in the most affluent decile.
The rate of alcohol-related road traffic accidents in England fell by 6.2% (to 26.0 per 1,000 road traffic accidents) for the latest time period (2013-15) compared to the earliest period in the LAPE series (2010-2012). By local authority, the rates ranged from 5.3 per 1,000 accidents in Hammersmith and Fulham to 55.4 per 1,000 accidents in Gravesham. In general, rates are higher in rural areas and rates are significantly lower in London, although the number of accidents in London is high compared with other regions.