According to a report published by the NHTSA on race/ethnicity and impaired driving, ‘The racial and ethnic composition of the US population is rapidly evolving and this is of substantial importance to traffic safety specialists because there is extensive evidence that the risk of involvement in traffic crashes varies significantly across racial and ethnic groups’.
The report argues that the protective and risk factors affecting some groups may not be relevant to others and that, in order to be effective, safety programmes and educational messages to curb such risks need to be sensitive to the Nation’s growing cultural diversity.
The report reviews the state of the knowledge of alcohol-impaired driving among major racial and ethnic groups living in the United States. Although it focuses primarily on impaired driving, it also covers the precursor issue of the differences in ethnic drinking practices. Finally, this report explores the meaning of key concepts that define the problem—for example, the meaning of race, ethnicity, and acculturation; how these concepts are associated with health-related disparities; and how they relate to impaired driving.