Page last updated: September 13, 2016
Specific types of alcoholic beverage consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes

Previous meta-analyses have identified an inverse association of total alcohol consumption with the risk of type 2 diabetes. A study further explored the relationship between specific types of alcoholic beverage and the incidence of type 2 diabetes.

A search of the PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Library databases from January 1966 to February 2016 was conducted for prospective cohort studies that assessed the effects of specific types of alcoholic beverage on the risk of type 2 diabetes. The pooled relative risks (RRs) with 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated using random- or fixed-effect models when appropriate.

13 prospective studies were included in this metaanalysis, with 397,296 study participants and 20,641 cases of type 2 diabetes. Relative to no or rare alcohol consumption, wine consumption was associated with a significant reduction of the risk of type 2 diabetes, with the pooled RRs of 0.85, while beer or spirits consumption led to a slight trend of decreasing risk of type 2 diabetes (RR, 0.96, 0.95, respectively). Further dose-response analysis displayed a U-shaped relationship between all three alcohol types and type 2 diabetes. The peak risk reduction emerged at 20-30 g/day for wine and beer, at 7-15 g/day for spirits, with a decrease of 20%, 9%, 5% respectively.

Compared with beer or spirits, wine was associated with a more significant decreased risk of type 2 diabetes. This study indicated that wine may be more helpful for protection against type 2 diabetes than beer or spirits.

Source: Specific Types of Alcoholic Beverage Consumption and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes: A Systematic Review and Metaanalysis. Huang J, Wang X, Zhang Y. J Diabetes Investig. 2016 May 10. doi: 10.1111/jdi.12537.

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