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Alcoholic beverage consumption contributes to caloric and moisture intakes and body weight status

A study investigated cross-sectional information on alcoholic beverages as potential sources of moisture and calories for drinkers in the United States. Associations between number of drinks per day and body weight status were also studied.

Multivariable regression models were used to ascertain associations while controlling for potential confounders. Compared to nondrinkers, daily moisture intake increased as the number of drinks increased. Increase in daily moisture intake of drinkers remained significant even after correcting for diuretic effects of ethanol (men: 270.6 g [95% confidence interval (CI), 115.7-425.4], P = 0.001) and (women: 193.0 g [95% CI, 76.8-309.4], P = 0.002). The increase in daily moisture intake after correcting for diuretic losses were men: 3.9% to 9.6%; and women: 4.1% to 12.8% depending on number of drinks.

The increase in calorie intake was 6.7% to 16.2% of men’s, and 6.4% to 16.0% of women’s daily intake. Compared to nondrinking counterparts, men who consumed 2 or more drinks per day were more likely to be overweight whereas men who consumed 4 or more drinks per day were more likely to be obese (odds ratio: 1.63 [95% CI, 1.10-2.40], P = 0.015). Women at all levels of drinking were less likely to be obese (odds ratio: 0.70 [95% CI, 0.55-0.88], P = 0.004) compared to non drinking counterparts.

The authors conclude that alcoholic beverages contribute to moisture intake despite the diuretic effect of their ethanol content. Calorie intake increases with increasing alcohol intake among men and women but only male drinking is associated with an increased likelihood of being overweight and obesity. Women drinkers are more likely to be associated with a lower body mass index and are less likely to be overweight or obese than non drinkers.

Source: Alcoholic beverage consumption contributes to caloric and moisture intakes and body weight status. Tayie FA; Beck GL. Nutrition, published early online 29 January 2016.

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