A study investigated the individual antibacterial and synergistic antibacterial effects of resveratrol and alcohol against Helicobacter pylori 26695 in vitro, and sought to explain the underlying mechanism of action of resveratrol against H. pylori.
The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) and time-killing curve of resveratrol and alcohol were determined. Transcriptome analysis by RNA sequencing was used to elucidate the underlying mechanism of action of resveratrol against H. pylori. The results showed that the MICs of resveratrol and alcohol against H. pylori 26695 were about 64 μg ml-1 and 4% (v/v) respectively.
The synergy was found: resveratrol at concentration of 64 μg ml-1 in combination with alcohol at concentration of 4% (v/v) showed >10 000-fold decrease in the mount of viable bacteria compared with resveratrol and alcohol used alone. Transcriptome analysis showed 152 genes were downregulated and 111 genes were upregulated in the presence of resveratrol. Genes involved in protein translation (17·1%), outer membrane proteins (OMPs) (9·9%) and transports (11·2%) comprise 38·2% of the downregulated genes. In comparison, genes involved in redox (13·5%), pathogenesis and motility (9·9%) and iron homeostasis (4·5%) comprise 27·9% of the upregulated genes. The synergy of resveratrol and alcohol against H. pylori was found in this study. The underlying mechanism of action of resveratrol against H. pylori may be mainly attributed to its inhibitory effect on translation, OMPs, transports, ATP synthase and possible oxidative damage.
The authors say that their findings provide a global insight into the anti-H. pylori mechanism of resveratrol. Both resveratrol and alcohol can contribute to inhibition of ribosomes, changes in OMPs and oxidative damage, which may explain the synergistic effect against H. pylori elicited by resveratrol and alcohol.
Source: The synergy of resveratrol and alcohol against Helicobacter pylori and underlying anti-Helicobacter pylori mechanism of resveratrol. Xia M, Chen H, Liu S. J Appl Microbiol. 2020;128(4):1179–1190.