A study examined the relationship between alcohol consumption and metabolic syndrome (MetS) among US Hispanics/Latinos and explored whether this relationship varied by age, body mass index, gender, and Hispanic/Latino backgrounds.
Data was taken from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos a prospective, populationbased, cohort study of Hispanics/Latinos, aged 18- 74 years from four US communities. Participants were categorised into never, former, occasional, low, moderate, and high alcohol consumption categories. 47.4% of the sample was classified as occasional, low, moderate, or heavy drinkers. A cross-sectional analysis of 15,905 participants with complete data was conducted. Models were run to detect significant associations between alcohol consumption categories and cases of MetS.
Low and moderate alcohol consumers had lower odds of MetS than never drinkers. Low and heavy drinkers had higher odds of presenting with elevated central obesity, while occasional, low, moderate, and heavy drinkers had higher odds of having low highdensity lipoprotein cholesterol levels compared to never drinkers. Low and moderate wine drinkers had lower odds of MetS compared to never drinkers. There were no significant findings among beer or liquor drinkers, or with binge drinking after model adjustments.
The findings suggest that low and moderate alcohol consumption may lower the odds of MetS in a sample of Hispanic/Latino adults, but that the relationship of alcohol consumption varies with the individual components of MetS.
Source: Alcohol Consumption and Metabolic Syndrome Among Hispanics/Latinos: The Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. Vidot DC, Stoutenberg M, Gellman M, Arheart KL, Teng Y, Daviglus ML, González HM, Talavera G, Isasi CR, Heiss G, Schneiderman N. Metab Syndr Relat Disord, 15 June 2016.