A study published in the British Journal of Nutrition found that moderate alcohol intake is associated with a reduced risk of coronary heart disease.
The study evaluated the association between beverage consumption patterns and the risk of CHD among Mexican adult population. A crosssectional analysis was performed using data from 6,640 adults participating in the Health Workers’ Cohort Study. Four major beverage consumption patterns were identified, which were categorised as alcohol, coffee/tea, soft drinks and low-fat milk.
A lower risk of CHD (OR=0.61 and OR=0.58 respectively) was observed among participants in the upper quintile of alcohol or low-fat milk consumption compared with those in the bottom quintile. In contrast, a higher consumption of soft drinks was positively associated with CHD risk (OR=1.64; 95 % CI 1.21, 2.20) when compared with other extreme quintiles. Finally, coffee/tea consumption was not significantly associated with CHD risk.
The findings suggest that a beverage pattern characterised by a higher intake of sugar sweetened beverages may be associated with an increased risk of CHD among the Mexican adult population, whereas patterns of moderate alcohol intake and low-fat milk may be associated with a reduced risk.
Source: Patterns of beverage consumption and risk of CHD among Mexican adults. Rivera Paredez B; Munoz Aguirre P; Torres Ibarra L; Ramirez P; Hernandez Lopez R; Barrios E; Leon Maldonado L; et al, British Journal of Nutrition, Vol 120, No 2, 2018, pp210-219. .