To coincide with National Heart Day, The International Alliance for Responsible Drinking (IARD) published a review on Drinking and Cardiovascular health.
The review states that “the relationship between alcohol and CVD is complicated and depends on the pattern of drinking. While heavy consumption is a risk factor for CVD, light to moderate drinking has been identified as protective against several diseases among some groups of individuals.
As with all other NCDs, many different factors – genetic, physiological, environmental, and behavioral – play a role in the relationship between drinking patterns and CVD outcomes. While the findings surrounding the cardioprotective effects of alcohol consumption have been challenged by some research, the biological mechanisms by which drinking affects CVD have been extensively studied and are well documented. targets laid out in the Sustainable Development Goals 2015-2030”.
The relationship is observed across beverage types, pointing to the key role of ethanol. A better understanding of these relationships is needed to develop appropriate measures to prevent CVD as part of the global effort to reach the NCD reduction.