Existing data have described benefits and drawbacks of varying levels and patterns of alcohol consumption on cardiovascular diseases (CVD), but no research has evaluated its association with the cardiovascular health (CVH) score proposed by the American Heart Association.
In a paper published in the journal Nutrients, researchers conducted a cross-sectional analysis on the Kardiovize cohort (Brno, Czech Republic), to investigate the relationship between alcohol consumption and CVH. The study included 1,773 subjects (aged 25-64 years; 44.2% men) with no history of cardiovascular diseases. Cardiovascular disease risk factors, cardiovascular metrics (i.e., BMI, healthy diet, physical activity level, smoking status, blood pressure, fasting glucose, and total cholesterol) and cardiovascular health score were compared between and within several drinking categories.
The results of showed that the relationship between drinking habits and cardiovascular health was related to the amount of alcohol consumed, drinking patterns, and beverage choices. Heavy drinkers were more likely to smoke tobacco, and to report diastolic blood pressure, fasting glucose, triglycerides, and low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol at higher level than non-drinkers. Among drinkers, however, people who exclusively drank wine exhibited better cardiovascular health than those who exclusively drank beer. Although the findings supported the hypothesis that drinking alcohol was related to the cardiovascular health score in general, further prospective research is needed to understand whether the assessment of cardiovascular health should incorporate information on beverage type and alcohol consumption.
Source: Maugeri, A.; Hlinomaz, O.; Agodi, A.; Barchitta, M.; Kunzova, S.; Bauerova, H.; Sochor, O.; Medina-Inojosa, J.R.; Lopez-Jimenez, F.; Vinciguerra, M.; Stokin, G.B.; González-Rivas, J.P. Is Drinking Alcohol Really Linked to Cardiovascular Health? Evidence from the Kardiovize 2030 Project. Nutrients 2020, 12, 2848.