The association between alcohol-drinking pattern and hypertension was examined in a cross-sectional study of 15,052 Korean adults (7054 men and 7998 women) who were included in the 2010–2012 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES).
The study categorised alcohol-drinking patterns into three groups based on the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) score: low-risk (score: 0–7), intermediate-risk (score: 8–14), and high-risk (score: ≥15). Hypertension was defined as systolic blood pressure ≥140 mm Hg, diastolic blood pressure ≥90 mm Hg, or current use of anti-hypertensive medications. In the study population, 25.2% of men and 4.6% of women were high-risk drinkers. Hypertension prevalence was 30.8% in men and 20.6% in women. Of the total population, 13.8% of men and 13.6% of women were using anti-hypertensive drugs. Age-adjusted hypertension prevalence was 30.8, 40.9, and 45.3% in men, and 24.6, 27.0, and 32.3% in women in the low-, intermediate-, and high-risk drinking group, respectively.
Compared to the low-risk drinking group, the prevalence ratio (95% confidence interval [CI]) for hypertension was 1.664 (1.4331.933) and 2.070 (1.772–2.418) for men and 1.012 (0.774–1.323) and 1.650 (1.080–2.522) for women in the intermediateand high-risk drinking group, respectively, after adjusting for age and other confounding factors. In conclusion, the study suggests high-risk drinking appears to be associated with a higher risk of hypertension in Korean men and women.
Source: Association of alcohol consumption pattern with risk of hypertension in Korean adults based on the 2010– 2012 KNHANES. SW Hong, JA Linton, J.Y. Shim, HR Lee, HT Kang. Alcohol, Volume 54, August 2016, Pages 17–22.