Those who drink in excess of the US Dietary Guidelines (more than two drinks of 14g per day for men, or more than one drink per day for women) or those who binge drink are at increased risk for the metabolic syndrome, according to a new study.
The metabolic syndrome consists of a series of risk factors and conditions that are strongly related to cardiovascular disease. These conditions include obesity, high blood pressure, and diabetes.
For the study, Amy Fan, of the National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in Atlanta, and colleagues evaluated data from 1,529 participants of the 1999-2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. They restricted their analysis to current drinkers (participants who consumed at least 12 alcoholic drinks in 12 months) aged 20 to 84 years. The survey included both an interview and a physical examination that included a blood test. Measures of alcohol consumption included usual quantity consumed, drinking frequency, and frequency of binge drinking.
Dr. Fan recommends that public health messages should emphasise the potential cardiometabolic risk associated with drinking in excess of national guidelines and binge drinking.
Source: The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism Vol. 93, No. 1 154-161, Association of Lifetime Alcohol Drinking Trajectories with Cardiometabolic Risk, Amy Z. Fan, Marcia Russell, Saverio Stranges, Joan Dorn and Maurizio Trevisan