A paper from Federico II University, Naples, states that the consequences of heavy or irregular alcohol drinking have long been known. Matteo Nicola Di Minno and colleagues reviewed recent information that suggests an association between light/ moderate alcohol consumption and protection from vascular and all-cause mortality, ischemic stroke, peripheral arterial disease, congestive heart failure, and recurrence of ischemic events.
The researchers conclude that
The overall balance for young premenopausal women, but not for older women, would be unfavorable for drinking as the risk of cancer would not outweigh potential benefits of alcohol on heart disease.
Within the frame of a balanced pattern of dietary energy intake, patients with cardiovascular disease who drink alcohol should not exceed one or two standard drinks per day for women or up to two or three drinks per day for men.
The low rates of coronary heart disease among the Mediterranean people may be related to their pattern of drinking wine every day during meals. Regular drinking is associated with better outcomes than occasional (binge)/weekly drinking.
Wine (ethanol with antioxidants) exhibits significantly higher anti-inflammatory effects than gin (ethanol without polyphenols), and thus in general wine should be preferred to liquor or beer.
Source: Di Minno MN; Franchini M; Russolillo A; Lupoli R; Iervolino S; Di Minno G, “Alcohol dosing and the heart: updating clinical evidence”, Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis, Vol 37, No 8, 2011, pp874-883